BUDDHIST STUDIES CENTRE
(BSC)
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ABOUT BSC

Siddhartha Gautama was a spiritual teacher in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent who founded Buddhism. He is generally seen by Buddhists as the Supreme Buddha (Sammasambuddha) of our age. The time of his birth and death are uncertain: most early 20th-century historians date his lifetime from c. 563 BCE to 483 BCE; more recently, however, at a specialist symposium on this question, the majority of those scholars who presented definite opinions gave dates within 20 years either side of 400 BCE for the Buddha's death, with others supporting earlier or later dates.

Gautama, also known as Shakyamuni ("sage of the Shakyas"), is the key figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Various collections of teachings attributed to Gautama were passed down by oral tradition, and first committed to writing about 400 years later. Early Western scholarship tended to accept the biography of the Buddha presented in the Buddhist scriptures as largely historical, but currently "scholars are increasingly reluctant to make unqualified claims about the historical facts of the Buddha's life and teachings."

Buddhist Studies Centre was started during 2008 with UGC financial assistance. It is a significant stride to promote advanced studies and research in Buddhism with all its branches.

FACULTY


Prof.K.Anjanappa
Director

Prof.S.N.Ratha
Hon. Professor

Prof.G.Ramachandraiah
Hon. Professor

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

(A) Seminars / Conferences / Workshops
  1. National Conference on “Relevance of Buddhism to the Contemporary Society” 20th - 21st February, 2009.
  2. National Seminar on “Buddhism and its Contribution to Indian Society”, 27th - 28th May, 2010
  3. Mahavir Nirvana Day - on 6th November, 2010
  4. National Seminar on “Buddhism and its Impact on Major Religions Social and Political Institutions” 15th 16th February, 2012

(B) Research Study

A Study of Phanigiri Hill Buddhist Site

Andhra Pradesh has about 150 listed Buddhist Sites, which provide a panaromic view of the history of Buddhism from 3rd century B.C to 14th century A.D., the most famous being at Nagarjuna Konda, Amaravathi and Bauikonda. There are several equally important sites like Chandavaram, Dantavaktruni Kota, Phanigiri etc. which need immediate attention. In view of proximity MGNIRSA selected Phanigiri site for study. It is located on a hill top on the left bank of Aleru a tributary to River Musi about 100 km from Hyderabad. Explorations in and around Phanigiri by Archeological Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh brought to the light a cluster of Megalithic burials away from the hillock towards north and north-eastern direction. At the foot hills on the eastern side lies a Kakatiya Seetha Ramaswamy temple. Rare combination of Garuda and Anjaneya both are in opposite to sanctun sanitarium in a prayer mode.

Studies around Phanigiri Hill surrounded by paddy fields and tanks is one of the important Buddhist monostrics strategically located on a hill top. The social scientists Prof.S.N.Ratha, Prof.G.Ramachandraiah and Dr. D.Suresh, Registrar of MGNIRSA under the leadership of Prof.K.Anjanappa, Director Buddhist studies centre and Director General, MGNIRSA lead the team to find the glory of Buddhist sites where excavations are conducted at present. With the geological background it is identified by us that all ornamental engraved panels of the monestry are of sedimentary or low grade metamorphic origin brought from elsewhere perhaps from adjoining Kurnool and Guntur districts but not insituegranites of Phanigiri mountain.

Latest excavations reveal series of cells opposite to Mahastupa perhaps the living rooms for monks. The making bricks and carvings of stones used in the site through the light on the glory of Buddhist learning and living. The site appears to be seat learning. The water arrangement was amazing as the water shed technology which we are boosting today was used as early as 1 to 2 century B.C. The site was so destroyed may be by the vagaries of climatic pressures and some by religions or otherwise miserints. Even now 1/16 of the site was not explored. If explored fully this man through more light on the glory of Buddhism in those days. There are a couple of sites around the hill which are yet to be excavated may still hold treasure of information for us. MGNIRSA will be happy to study in future. We thank Prof. P. Channa Reddy, Director, A.P. State Archaeology and Museums, Government of Andhra Pradesh for his help and encouragement.

Contact For Details:
MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF RESEARCH AND SOCIAL ACTION (MGNIRSA)
Buddhist Studies Centre (BSC)
Street No. 17, Gagan Mahal Road, Domalaguda
Hyderabad 500029, Andhra Pradesh, India
Phone: 91-40-27672492 & 91-40-27664920
Fax: 91-40-66624920
Email: admn@mgnirsa.ac.in